Published on August 16, 2018 Franziska Pfeiffer. Date updated: March 15, 2019
If you want to lead an expert interview for your thesis
, you need an interview guide. There you describe the exact course of the interview, to orient yourself while talking about it. You can also send your interviewees customer writing paper service so that they can prepare for the conversation the guide.
The guide is a brief summary of the structure of your interviews and contains the questions you want to ask. You should add it in the notes of your dissertation.
We’ll show the various forms of expert interviews, as you formulate questions for your interview experts and as such, an interview guide for your scientific work look.
Different forms of the interview
Before you create the guide, you have to decide what type of interview you need to guide you. You can choose from three options:
A structured interview strictly follows a questionnaire from which you do not abweichst. The answers your experts should fit into already preset categories.
In unstructured interviews, respondents can tell as possible and report. In addition writingbee to the initial narrative prompts there are no rules or questions that explicitly draw your interlocutor. You plan only the topics in advance.
Semi Structured Interview
In semi-structured interview, respondents on the one hand directed thematically, but not limited. You are thinking about you before questions are planning in the guide how you deal in the course of the interview flexible with it and.
Question techniques for Expert Interview
In an interview guide is a distinction between open and closed questions. In open-ended questions, respondents have more freedom in their answers, while closed-ended questions limit the response options.
By you ask questions, you can more space respondents to talk about the topics of their choice. A distinction can be made between factual questions and review questions.
Example factual question
When did you start to work in the company X?
Example opinion question
What do you think of the current situation in the company X?
If you live a semi-structured interview, you can react and make inquiries on the answers of respondents. This will encourage the respondents to tell more about has already been said. However, you should not put them too often, so respondents do not feel that they are being interrogated.
Starting Question: Can you explain your choice
Further inquiry: Why is that in your opinion
Further inquiry: How did it happen
Benefits . In open-ended questions, respondents can go back a their answers and you get a lot of detailed information
Cons : It may happen that respondents delve too far and you do not have enough time to address other issues
Closed questions have limited response options, such as Yes or No . A form of closed question, for example, the multiple-choice question.
Example closed question
Do you own a university degree?  Yes /  No
Benefits : Closed questions provide specific answers. The interviews will usually faster and there is no boredom among respondents. You can ask more questions than closed questions.
Cons : The answers are very limited. This may frustrate the respondents if they feel that they can not select a satisfactory answer. In addition, only the default of you answers in closed questions possible, which can distort the truth.
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building a interview guide
Once you’re chosen a form of interview and elaborated your questions, you can begin to develop your interview guide.
Each guide is different, but you can log on to this general building are modeled:
- entry – You lead in the interview and start with a opening question. This serves to loosen up the conversation and creates a link to the main part,
for. As how long respondents have already dealt with the issue or what part of their daily tasks. main section – Here you can find your key questions for each topic. These can be provided in the form of open and closed questions. You can already write down any questions that you would like to make. – You let your interviewees to answer one last question and summarizes the interview again briefly together. You say thank you for the interview and the support of your scientific work. – You let your interviewees know what will happen to his answers and if he is informed of further developments and the results of your research.
Interview Guide Example
A guide for an expert interview on the daily life of an editor at a radio station might look like this:
Appendix 1: Interview Guide
What has changed through social media everyday life of an editor at a radio station?
- and thanks for the time
- short outline of the topic
- description of the interview process and the approximate duration
- long have you been working for the radio station XY and what is your exact job title?
- is one of your daily tasks?
Question 1 : Do you feel that social media have changed your daily work
- does this manifest this change?
Question 2 : What tasks are new to come through social media and how has it changed your work environment
- there tasks that do not fit your work interests and previous work experience?
- you feel that you therefore have more time pressure in your everyday work?
Question 3 : What’s better than before? What do you personally see as an advantage of this new way of working in your everyday life?
- is worse than before? See personally a disadvantage of this procedure for their daily work?